Ministry Seeks to Set Record Straight on Papua

Dian Septiari / The Jakarta Post

Indonesia is intensifying efforts to weed out what it calls “the threat of fake news” cast over the country’s easternmost provinces, just as Papuan separatist groups begin shifting from political to legal arguments to justify the local population’s right to self-determination.

The Foreign Ministry has found itself having to defend against legal claims to the right of Papuan self-determination, which it says have no grounds in Indonesia’s own history of independence, according to Damos Agusman, the director general for legal affairs and international treaties.

Damos said the right to self-determination argument was legally unsound as West Papua province was already included alongside Indonesia’s other regions in the country’s declaration of independence from the Dutch in 1945.

Citing an international law principle stipulating that newly formed sovereign states should retain the same borders as that of the preceding dependent area, he said the area now known as West papua was already part of the Dutch East Indies, according to its constitution from 1938.

He also defended the legitimacy of the 1969 “Act of Free Choice”, the result of an agreement between the Netherlands and Indonesia regarding the administration of the territory of West Papua signed in New York in 1962, saying it was a legitimate bilateral deal that could not be tampered with by third parties.

The ministry official informed people of the need to understand the historical context under which issues such as control over Papua was negotiated, especially in the context of colonialism.

“Self-determination must be based on several criteria, otherwise it will create chaos,” Damos told an audience of students in a seminar held at the ministry compound in Jakarta on Thursday (10/1).

The tone of Thursday’s seminar underscored Indonesia’s effort to push back on “fake news” that it says was being spread online by ill-minded activists from Indonesia and abroead.

In the past, the narrative carried by separatist groups focused more on political arguments such as the affinity of the Papuan people to the Melanesians of the South Pacific. “[Nowadays] we have detected that there are massive changes in their arguments – from political arguments to legal arguments that are wrong and misleading,” Damos said.

The issue of Papua has made it into Indonesia’s foreign policy priorities this year, despite years long efforts to stave off concerns from the international community about the country’s fight against separatist rebels.

The conflict between them flared again last month when armed separatists in Nduga, Papua killed more than a dozen people working on a trans-Papua highway construction site that was part of President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s efforts to bring development to the province.

The issue was addressed by Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi in her annual policy speech on Wednesday, which saw her pledge to take firm action against any disryptions to Indonesia’s sovereignty, including hoaxes, lies and violent acts carried out by separatists and their supporters.

“Indonesia will not give up even an inch to defend the country’s sovereignty,” Retno said in her speech.

Speaking in the context of the Nduga attacks that led to the death of 19 PT Istaka Karya construction workers and one soldier, Retno said such “disturbances” would not reduce the government’s commitment to improving the welfare of the Papuan people.

On the foreign policy front, she said she would strengthen the Melanesian kinship not only among the provinces in the eastern part of Indonesia but also with the countries of the South Pacific.

Jakarta has drawn criticism for using military approach in dealing with security issues in Papua.

According to a statement by the Human Rights Working Group, sovereignty diplomacy, especially on the issues of Papua, “will be doomed to failure” if the state insists on employing security apreach and repression”.

Source: The Jakarta Post (11 January 2018)


Egianus Kogoya’s Footsteps, the Leader of Armed Criminal Group Who Abolished 31 Road Project Workers in Papua

Egianus Kogoya is suddenly popular. He becomes a subject conversation after the tragedy of the massacre of 31 project workers by the Armed Criminal Group (ACG) in Nduga District, Papua. It is known that Egianus Kogoya is the leader of the group that executed the massacre.
Wakapendam XVII/ Cendrawasih Lieutenant Colonel Inf Dax Sianturi said, Egianus Kogoya was known already got a red report card before the bloody incident occurred.

“So, Egianus Kogoya in our records is a group that is politically at odds with the Republic of Indonesia. Not a few of them have criminal records, “said Dax.

He added, the group led by Egianus Kogoya had 20 to 25 military standard firearms. The weapon was alleged to have been captured by TNI and police personnel.

Before the incident of the massacre of 31 project workers in Nduga Papua, there was a series of red report cards by Egianus Kogoya.

  1. Attack on the Airfield
    The group led by Egianus Kogoya once attacked the airport in Kenyam, the capital of Nduga district.
    A pilot of Trigana Air and two other people were injured and four people were killed by the Egianus Kogoya group.
    It was pity, the four dead victims were consisted of two children and their two parents.
  2. Attacking the TNI Post
    Egianus Kogoya and 40 of his followers attacked the TNI post in Mbua. At least a TNI soldier was killed and one injured due to the attack.
    “So yesterday they also attacked a TNI post and one of our soldiers died and one was injured,” said Dax.
  3. Captivity
    Launched from Tribunnews, the Egianus Kogoya group once took hostage of 15 teachers and medical personnel in the beginning of October in Mependuma Sub-district, Nduga Regency, Papua.
    With all his red report cards, including the massacre of 31 project workers, Egianus Kogoya has been labeled as a terrorist by the TNI.
    “Their actions are more than terrorists. Very inhumane. “The victims built a road to open the lag,” said Dax.

13 Regencies in Papua Generate USD 8.4 Million from Agriculture Products

By Akfa Nasrulhak – detikFinance

Jakarta – The Ministry of Village, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration (Ministry of PDTT) together with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) checks and validates the Self-sustain Village Development Program (PPMD) in Abrose Village, Ransiki District, South Manokwari, West Papua.

Head of Sub-directorate of Technology Efficiency (Kasubdit TTG), Directorate of Natural Resource Utilization (PSDA) of the Directorate General of Community Development and Empowerment (DG PPMD) of PDTT Ministry of Agriculture, Anastutik Wiryaningsih revealed that the PPMD ​​activities have been implemented since March 2017 and will end on 31 December 2018.

“In this period we carried out capacity building and community empowerment programs, especially in agriculture,” Anastutik said in a written statement on Thursday (11/08/2018).

Anastutik revealed that there were 13 districts where 6 districts in Papua and 7 districts in West Papua were targeted by the program and received funding in the form of grants and loans of USD 8.4 million from IFAD.

“The community is given training starting from cultivation or processing of chocolate or cocoa, seaweed, vanilla, to empowering women. The community is also taught to save their income and so on,” said Anastutik.

According to Anastutik, the year before PPDM came in, the community in Abrose complained about their cocoa plants being affected by tree diseases.

“Because the treatment were not good, cocoa has been stricken with disease. We gave proper treatment exercises. Now their cocoa is healthy and produce more,” she said.

PPDM has also succeeded in helping farmers to send 4 tons of seaweed from Fak Fak to Surabaya.

“In Fak Fak, seaweed is only valued at Rp. 6,000 per kg, in Surabaya the price can reach Rp. 18,000 per kg,” she said.

During the visit, Anastutik also took time to meet one of the 30 residents who were members of the PPMD ​​program, Helena (60). Wearing a shirt with a picture of Monas and Bajaj bearing the Jakarta sign, Helena came out to meet the group from the Ministry of PDTT and IFAD in her newly built house in the middle of lush cocoa plants around her.

The location is not far from the Village Development and Community Empowerment Service (PPMK) of Ransiki District which is also the Capital of South Manokwari Regency, West Papua. Precisely in the village or village of Abrose which is on the roadside towards the city of Manokwari.

Helena, who was accompanied by Village Assistant Abrose Abdul Rahim Arkan Semoryai, said that the group’s success with the Independent Village Development Program (PPDM) was initiated by the Ministry of Defense PDTT and IFAD.

“We were taught how to take care of our cocoa, to cut, harvest, store and to dry,” said Helena.

Meanwhile, IFAD’s Country Program Officer Anissa Lucky Pratiwi said, in addition to conducting training to improve community skills in agriculture, IFAD is also starting to focus on how people in these villages can sell their produces.

“After they produce products in the agricultural sector, we also begin to think about how they can sell them to improve the community’s economy,” said Anissa who has participated in community empowerment programs in Indonesia for approximately 8 years. .

Funds from IFAD are used to organize various trainings in agriculture from planting, harvesting, post-harvest production, to marketing agricultural products. To support the training, various interactive and interesting modules are made that are easy to use

News Source: Detik Finance

Pic. Source: Flickr

631,3 Kilometers More of Trans-Papua Road Has Been Paved

Papua is one of the main priorities for Jokowi-Jusuf Kalla’s administration. Through Ministry of Public Work and Housing (PUPR), infrastructure development that support connectivity including Trans-Papua road should be improved gradually and accelerated its development. In 2017,631,3 kilometers of Trans-Papua road in West Papua Province was paved. It covered 57 percent from the total of 1070,62 kilometers projected.

Minister of Public Work and Housing, Basuki Hadimuljono said that the road construction aimed to open wider access to remote areas, reduce costs, and increase the quality of life for people in Papua.

The finalization of Trans-Papua road is one of the manifestations of “Nawa Cita” Program in Jokowi-Kalla administration, which aimed to manage development from the outermost region of Indonesia.

“The construction of Trans-Papua road will be continued and is estimated to be completed by the end of 2019. We expect the impact of Trans-Papua road can benefit everyone.” Said Basuki Hadimuljono, Friday (13/04/2018)

The Chief of Executive National Road XII West Papua, Yohanis Tulak Todingrara explained that Trans-Papua road in West Papua Province has been divided into two segments. The first segment would be Sorong-Maybrat-Manokwari (594,81 kilometers). This route will connect Solok and Manokwari, two economic centers of West Papua Province. The route will also connect to Arar Seaport, one of The Special Economy Regions (KEK). The latest report in the end of 2017, 81,6 percent of the road has been paved, while the remaining 109,24 was in progress and the other 13,5 kilometers needed geometrical improvement.

The second segment, Segment II that connects Manokwari- Mameh- Wasior- Papua Province cross-border was approved in December 2017. From total of 475,8 kilometers, about 145,41 kilometers was paved, 330,41 kilometers is under pavement process and 38,24 kilometers needed geometrical improvement.

The challenges in Trans-Papua road construction, Both in Papua Province and West Papua are geographical conditions, which mostly consists of forest, mountains and extreme weather.

In addition, the availability of construction material is limited. However the central government continue to devote serious effort in using local material.

In 2018, the budget of road construction in West Papua is estimated at 1,6 trillion rupiah. The budget will be channeled to geometrical improvement and the construction of 125 bridges. “We expected that in the late of 2018, about 60,14 percent of Trans-Papua road in West Papua provinces will be paved about 64,56 percent in 2019”. Said Yohanis

 

Source: Kompas.com

After Victory Parade, Persipura Optimistic in Facing Next Year’s League

On Tuesday night (10/1), thousands of Persipuramania (supporters of Persipura) in Sentani region, Abepura, Jayapura Kota and its surroundings, were welcoming the arrival of their proud team, Persipura Jayapura, the winner of the 2016 Torabika Soccer Championship (TSC) Trophy in Bandung, West Java.

The team’s players, caretakers, and manager, also known as “Black Pearl”, arrived at Sentani Airport, Jayapura Region, at about 16.30 local time. The team consists of the Chairman, Benhur Tommy Mano, The Head of Committee, Fachrudin Passolo, Team Manager Rudi Maswi, the coaches and the players, including Team Captain Boaz T Solossa, who was named Best Player in the 2016 TSC.
Pangdam XVII/Candrawasih Major General Hinsa Siburuan, Regional Secretary of Papua’s TEA Herri Desinaen, politicians of Papua, and Persimania were among those who welcomed the team at Sentani Airport.

After resting a few minutes, the team were paraded on a decorated truck with the banner “Persipura, the Champion of TSC 2016” attached, and left for the City of Jayapura. Thousands of Persipuramania wearing the team jersey (red-black) escorted the Team. Meanwhile the caretakers, managers, coaches, and of course the players, were wearing necklaces of flowers.

Persipura

Persipura

persipura-2

Persipura Victory Parade

Airport Construction in Papua Improving

One of the ways to reduce the price of goods and distribution is to build airports in isolated areas of Papua.

“The Government has built 34 airports in isolated areas in Papua. This is already part of the airport construction plan”, said Director of Airport Affairs of the Ministry of Transportation, Yudhi Sari, in, Jakarta on Tuesday (10 / 1/2017).

The 34 airports are located in the isolated regions of Mopah, Kamur, Kimam, Bomakia, Manggelum, Wamena, Kiwirok, Bilorai, Akimuga, Enarotali, Sarmi, Tanah Merah, Noble, Oksibil, Moanamani, Mindiptanah, Kepi, Kokonao, Okaba, Illu, Ewer, Batom, Bade, Karubaga, Obano, Timika, Waghete, Nabire, Dekai, Rendani, Bintuni, Kaimana, and Babo. All the development projects are already part of the national airport construction plan.

Yudhi added that the airport development is useful to achieve equitable development and to boost economic growth. He further added that 10 of the 34 airports are located at the border area, namely Sentani, Mopah, Manggelum, Enarotali, Sarmi, Tanah Merah, Oksibil, Okaba, Karubaga, Kebar.

There will be also a new airport in Korowai. The President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo (Jokowi) plans to inagurate the new airport this year.

Frans Kaisiepo Airport, Biak

Frans Kaisiepo Airport, Biak

Sentani Airport

Sentani Airport

Making of the Documentary on Marthen Indey, Indonesian National Hero from Papua to Begin

On the heels of the successful performance of the ‘Marthen Indey, My Hero’ Socio Drama in celebration
of the Anniversary of the Indonesian Army on 5 October 2016, The Rey May Arts Studio, Jayapura plan
to make a documentary on Marthen Indey in cooperation with the Regency of Jayapura and Inews TV.

The head of the Regency’s Labour and Transmigration Sosial service (Dinsosnakertrans), Harold Monim
stated in Sentani that the idea came from the Rey May Arts Studio and aims to document the struggle
of Marthen Indey which will be published as a state document.

“That a Papuan played a role in the struggle for Indonesia’s independence,” he said.

The technical side of the documentary will be handled by the Rey May Studio and Inews TV will act as
producer. The funding, which amounts to IDR 400 million for a 30 minute film will come from the
Regional Budget.

According to the Head of the Studio, Jimmy Ondikleuw, the making of the documentary is an honour for
his community, and he hopes for the support of all parties to make the documentary a success.

“The making of the film is proof of the role of the Papuan people in fighting for the independence of
the Unitary State of Indonesia,” he said.

According to the Head of the Rey May Arts Studio, who is also the Head of CPA Hirose (a nature lovers
group), Marshal Suebu, as a national hero, Marthen Indey is an inspirational figure for Papua’s young
generation.

“As a native of Jayapura, I feel proud of Marthen Indey who despite being a policeman of the Dutch
government urged his fellow Papuans to reject the creation of a new, other state and instead join in
saving the Unitary State of Indonesia,” he said.