Gubernur Papua Dukung Langkah Pemerintah Kuasai Saham Freeport

Jayapura, PAPUANEWS.ID – Gubernur Papua Lukas Enembe saat ditemui oleh tim redaksi PAPUANEWS.ID menyampaikan ketegasannya bahwa ia mendukung sikap dari pemerintah pusat yang berniat menguasai saham mayoritas PT. Freeport Indonesia yang sudah 48 tahun beroperasi di Provinsi Papua.

“Kita setuju kalau negara menguasai 51 persen saham Freeport karena sektor ekonomi yang dikuasai oleh asing membuat kita tertinggal jauh,” ucapnya di Jayapura, Selasa (21/2).

Lukas Berpendapat jika kita menguasai 51 persen saham PT. Freeport Indonesia, maka Freeportlah yang menjadi karyawan kita karena dia hanya kuasai 49 persen. PT. Freeport Indonesia juga sudah seharusnya tunduk dan taat pada aturan yang berlaku di Indonesia karena mereka selama ini telah merau banyak keuntungan dari hasil kekayaan Tanah Papua.

“Ini sudah waktunya setelah 48 tahun Freeport menambang di Papua, sudah waktunya dia tunduk dan taat kepada UU di Indonesia. Kita sekarang minta sahamnya 51 persen, Freeport hanya bisa memberi 49 persen,” katanya.

Hal tersebut jelas tertuang dalam UU Nomor 4 tahun 2009 dan Peraturan Menteri Nomor 1 tahun 2017, Freeport mau tidak mau harus tunduk peraturan tersebut. Indonesia menekankan kesejahteraan rakyat adalah yang paling utama.

Dalam ere global saat ini, Provinsi Papua dinilai menjadi banyak incaran negara-negara besar yang ingin menguasai kekayaan Papua. Namun sebagai negara yang berdaulat Indonesia harus menguasai sektor ekonomi dan sebesar-besarnya dipergunakan untuk kemakmuran rakyat. (red,Cs)

Violence against Women: Problems of Global, Regional and National

Violence against women has become a global issue, the worrisome numbers of physical and psychological violence against women were increasing in many countries. A study published by the WHO shows that violence against women happens in a very broad spectrum, seeping through different regions and occurring at all economic levels of society.

The study found that one in three women worldwide experience physical or sexual violence in her life by someone she knew, could be a husband, boyfriend, family member or friend.

This study represents the first systematic research on global data experiencing the prevalence of violence against women by a close partner or non-partner. WHO, in collaboration with the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and the Medical Research Council of South Africa, they are gathering data from 81 countries in 2010.

Southeast Asia, Eastern Mediterranean, Africa and Latin America are regions with highest percentage (30%) of violence against women in the world. However, the study shows that violence against women does not only occur in developing countries, 23.2% of violence against women also occurs in high-income countries.

Violence against women is one of Indonesia’s main homework. In the past 13 years, National Committee of Women (Komnas Perempuan) released 400.939 cases of violence against women reported by the public, and 93.960 of which are sexual assault cases.

Violence against women is believed to be an interdisciplinary problem, a mix of social, cultural, economic and other aspects. Patriarchal culture that places men as the dominant party in the household and community, also the lack of education of the rights and protection of women often become the trigger factor for violence against women.

The campaign to fight violence against women has been conducted in many parts of the world. One of them is “The 16 Days Campaign on Violence against Women”, which is an annual international campaign that aims to encourage the eradication of violence against women worldwide.

Then there is the campaign against violence against women pioneered by women in Latin America named Campaign #NiUnaMenos (No One Again). Not only did they seek to present the stories of women who have experienced violence to the world, but these activists sought for concrete implementation of the laws that protect women and harsher penalties against the perpetrators.

Similar to what happens on a global scale, violence against women is an issue that must be resolved. Indonesia’s eastern region is a region that is considered quite vulnerable to violence against women; this was confirmed by the Chairman of Commission A of the Manokwari Regional House of Representative (DPRD), Ayu Humairah Bataray in Manokwari who suggested that cases of violence against women in Manokwari, West Papua is still rather high which can be seen from the list of police reports and data on the cases handled by the local hospital.

It requires the cooperation of various stakeholders to reduce the number of violence against women. The role of the central and local government along with other stakeholders in the protection efforts against women needs to be improved.

The Central Government, through the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection, the Ministry of Education and Culture, and the Ministry of Social Affairs are expected to evaluate their programs that have been developed by each Ministry regarding the protection and prevention of violence against women.

National House of Representatives (DPR RI) is pushed to ratify the bill on the Elimination of Sexual Violence, as proposed by the National Commission for Women, the bill is expected to be a reference in the handling of cases of sexual violence in more comprehensive and measurable manners, starting with the prevention stage, punishing the perpetrator, and the recovery process of victims.

The police are expected to treat violence against women as a serious crime, where the law could be served as an effective medium to prevent and diminish the violence against women.

The role of the Institution / Cultural and Religious Leaders and Non-Governmental Organizations to raise public awareness to create a balanced life between men and women across age and social class by halting all forms of violent behavior and traditions that disadvantage women needs to be encouraged.

Local governments could adopt this into a Regional Regulation (Perda) that will handle the prevention and rehabilitation of the victims. Through the regulation, a task force consisting of all elements from the stakeholders could be created to resolve all the cases of violence against women in the area.

Through the cooperation between Government and related Stakeholders, education can be an effective means of prevention and raising public awareness on the importance of addressing the issue of violence against women in an all-around context, individual, social and institutional.

“Growing Chili Movement”, Initiation of Urban Farming Concept as a Solution to Meet Commodity Demand in Papua

The skyrocketed chili’s price has become the sizzling topic lately. The commodity price surged steadily way over the ceiling price recommended by the government. The weather, unbalanced number of supply and demand also transportation issue was believed as the culprits behind the nationwide phenomena. Chili’s price is always an essential matter, it’s a staple ingredient behind almost every Indonesian culinary, what Papua’s famous Papeda Kuah Kuning would be without chili?

The Government tenders it’s “Chili’s Planting Movement” as one of the solutions, a movement that will provide a major boost to the annual domestic production of chili. People are expected to grow chili in their backyard to fulfilling their demand and reducing dependency to the market fluctuate situation.

The same movement has been implemented in the eastern part of Indonesia, Military District Command (KODIM) 1705/Paniai and KODIM 1709/Yawa in Papua Province were starting the movement with growing chili in polybag medium in their military base backyard. Besides aiming to green the yard, this movement was meant to set an example for the community to alleviate their daily economic needs with growing short-term vegetables in the garden by utilizing the existing land, as well as to anticipate other commodity price where in recent years tends to rise in price.

The “Chili’s Planting Movement” is merely a tiny part of the large urban farming / urban agriculture concept. This concept, indeed, is still brand new for most Indonesians. According to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) urban farming / urban agriculture is defined as being food production that occurs within the confines of cities. Such production takes place in backyards, on rooftops, in community vegetable and fruit gardens and on unused or public spaces. It includes commercial operations that produce food in greenhouses and on open spaces, but is more often small-scale and scattered around the city.

The concept started with the awareness to raise food security even in narrow scale, according to Food Acts No. 7 / 1996, food security defined as the fulfillment of food commodity in the household, which reflected in the availability of food commodity in terms of quantity and quality, safe, equitable, and affordable.

The types of plants that can be grew in this concept of urban farming / urban agriculture are highly varied such as grains, roots vegetables, greens vegetables, mushrooms, fruits, herbs and other ornamental plants.

That’s why the initiative from Kodim 1705 / Paniai and Kodim 1709 / Yawa in Papua Province is a positive thing that should be supported and developed. Not only in the area around the military base, but also in every yard in the community.

There are several steps that can be taken to maximize the implementation of urban farming / urban agriculture, first important step would be education / counseling to the community regarding urban farming / urban agriculture, both in terms of processing and how to enhance the quality of products. Then, the relevant agencies need to set the requirements for ‘guaranteed market’, so the urban farming / urban agriculture products could to meet the standards and specifications demanded by the market.

The KODIM and local governments can work together with NGOs and Communities to be able to urge people of Papua to apply the concept of urban farming / urban agriculture in their own backyard respectively.

 

 

Jalan Trans Papua Untuk Anak Cucu Kita

Manokwari, PAPUANEWS.ID – Telah terkoneksinya jalan Trans Papua di Provinsi Papua dan Papua Barat khususnya ruas jalan Sorong – Manokwari sangat diapresiasi oleh masyarakat setempat.

Yohan Sayori, salah satu penduduk di Kecamatan Momi Waren, Kabupaten Manokwari Selatan mengucapkan terima kasih atas keberadaan jalan Trans Papua ini, “kami terima kasih kepada pemerintah sehingga jalan kami dibangun dengan sangat baik dan mengurangi beban kita,” kata katanya (21/2).

Keberadaan jalan tersebut membuat warga disekitarnya tidak perlu jalan kaki berhari-hari untuk sampai ke kota. Sebelum ada jalan Trans Papua masyarakat yang ingin menjual hasil kebunnya membutuhkan waktu setengah hari, namun kini untuk sampai ke kota dapat ditempuh beberapa jam saja.

“Sekarang sudah ada jalan menjangkau mobil ke kota. Kalau dulu belum ada jalan. Sekarang kami terima kasih pemerintah upayakan jalan,” tambahnya.

Ia berharap pemerintah dapat mengaspal keselurruhanjalanTrans Papua tersebut nantinya agar mobil-mobil dapat melintas dengan mulus dan jalur pengiriman hasil kebun menjadi lancar. Trans Papua juga menjadi penting karena nantinya akan dinikmati oleh anak cucu kita. (red,Cs)